{ bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Perhaps more than any other grain, wheat has established a reputation as both a culinary staple and a cultural symbol. The definition of a whole grain is straightforward; identifying whether the foods you buy are whole-grain products is more of a challenge. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); 'Lodging' occurs when an ear stalk falls over in the wind and rots on the ground, and heavy nitrogenous fertilization of wheat makes the grass grow taller and become more susceptible to this problem. These remains were dated by Willem van Zeist and his assistant Johanna Bakker-Heeres to 8800 BCE. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; [8] Ireland wheat farms were the most productive in 2014, with a nationwide average of 10.0 tonnes per hectare, followed by the Netherlands (9.2), and Germany, New Zealand and the United Kingdom (each with 8.6). {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, },{ googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); "Overall, the harvest year had a more significant effect on protein composition than the cultivar. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Heterosis or hybrid vigor (as in the familiar F1 hybrids of maize) occurs in common (hexaploid) wheat, but it is difficult to produce seed of hybrid cultivars on a commercial scale as is done with maize because wheat flowers are perfect in the botanical sense, meaning they have both male and female parts, and normally self-pollinate. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; Several B vitamins and other dietary minerals are in significant content. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, The origins of formal wheat breeding lie in the nineteenth century, when single line varieties were created through selection of seed from a single plant noted to have desired properties. Whole grains or foods made from them contain all the essential parts and naturally-occurring nutrients of the entire grain seed in their original proportions. Cultivation and repeated harvesting and sowing of the grains of wild grasses led to the creation of domestic strains, as mutant forms ('sports') of wheat were preferentially chosen by farmers. The four wild species of wheat, along with the domesticated varieties einkorn,[76] emmer[77] and spelt,[78] have hulls. They can also damage the crop late in the season by eating the grain from the mature spike. In cooked form, the nutrition value for each staple depends on the cooking method (for example: baking, boiling, steaming, frying, etc.). [61] However, a 2020 study that grew and analyzed 60 wheat cultivars from between 1891 and 2010 found no changes in albumin/globulin and gluten contents over time. {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, translation and definition "wheat", Dictionary English-English online. Yields of pure wheat per unit area increased as methods of crop rotation were applied to long cultivated land, and the use of fertilizers became widespread. In traditional agricultural systems wheat populations often consist of landraces, informal farmer-maintained populations that often maintain high levels of morphological diversity. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, expires: 365 { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, English Language Learners Definition of grain : the seeds of plants (such as wheat, corn, and rice) that are used for food also : a single seed of wheat, corn, rice, etc. any of several cereal grains, of the genus Triticum, that yields flour as used in bakery.. a light brown colour, like that of wheat.. wheat pronunciation. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, [143] To reduce the amount of wheat lost to post-harvest pests, Agricultural Research Service scientists have developed an "insect-o-graph," which can detect insects in wheat that are not visible to the naked eye. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { Modern bread wheat varieties have been cross-bred to contain greater amounts of gluten,[60] which affords significant advantages for improving the quality of breads and pastas from a functional point of view. For this reason, awned varieties could become more widely grown due to climate change. An example of a grain is a piece of a wheat berry. "Grain for Rome", in Garnsey P., Hopkin K., Whittaker C. R. (editors), This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 10:55. Wheat normally needs between 110 and 130 days between sowing and harvest, depending upon climate, seed type, and soil conditions (winter wheat lies dormant during a winter freeze). cmpApi: 'iab', The popularity of foods made from wheat flour creates a large demand for the grain, even in economies with significant food surpluses. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, Significant values are highlighted in light Gray color and bold letters. Neolithic cultures first appear in Britain circa 4000 bc, a millennium after they appeared in adjacent areas of continental Europe. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, expires: 60 (Cookery) the grain … { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. pbjs.que.push(function() { By 1997, 81% of the developing world's wheat area was planted to semi-dwarf wheats, giving both increased yields and better response to nitrogenous fertilizer. Hybrid wheat has been a limited commercial success in Europe (particularly France), the United States and South Africa. Dated archeological remains of einkorn wheat in settlement sites near this region, including those at Abu Hureyra in Syria, suggest the domestication of einkorn near the Karacadag Mountain Range. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ wheat definition: 1. a plant whose yellowish-brown grain is used for making flour, or the grain itself: 2. a plant…. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, priceGranularity: customGranularity, { Various studies in India, for example, have concluded that about 10% of total wheat production is lost at farm level, another 10% is lost because of poor storage and road networks, and additional amounts lost at the retail level. wheat - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Modern wheat breeding developed in the first years of the twentieth century and was closely linked to the development of Mendelian genetics. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, [15], It has been speculated that FODMAPs present in wheat (mainly fructans) are the cause of non-coeliac gluten sensitivity. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis. In the 19th century, efforts were made to hybridize the two do get a crop with the best traits of both. [33][34] Wheat is unusual among plants in having more stomata on the upper (adaxial) side of the leaf, than on the under (abaxial) side. The origins of formal wheat breeding lie in the nineteenth century, when single line varieties were create… We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. },{ Both whole grain and whole wheat contain all three parts of the grain kernel — the bran, endosperm, and germ. Wheat definition is - a cereal grain that yields a fine white flour used chiefly in breads, baked goods (such as cakes and crackers), and pastas (such as macaroni or spaghetti), and is important in animal feeds. Wheat definition: Wheat is a cereal crop grown for food. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, In recent years, low international wheat prices have often encouraged farmers in the United States to change to more profitable crops. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Being of bare sustenance/degraded status. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, [100], Manufacturers of foods containing wheat as a whole grain in specified amounts are allowed a health claim for marketing purposes in the United States, stating: "low fat diets rich in fiber-containing grain products, fruits, and vegetables may reduce the risk of some types of cancer, a disease associated with many factors" and "diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and rich in fruits, vegetables, and grain products that contain some types of dietary fiber, particularly soluble fiber, may reduce the risk of heart disease, a disease associated with many factors". It is denser and has a higher photosynthetic rate than other leaves, to supply carbohydrate to the developing ear. type: "html5", iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); [44], In traditional agricultural systems wheat populations often consist of landraces, informal farmer-maintained populations that often maintain high levels of morphological diversity. Wheat buyers use these to decide which wheat to buy, as each class has special uses, and producers use them to decide which classes of wheat will be most profitable to cultivate. 'max': 36, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); An example of a grain is an extremely tiny piece of sand. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, params: { flowering. name: "_pubcid", Wheat is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East and Ethiopian Highlands, but now cultivated worldwide. [18][19] Genetic analysis of wild einkorn wheat suggests that it was first grown in the Karacadag Mountains in southeastern Turkey. In tropical areas, spot blotch (also known as Helminthosporium leaf blight) is also important. A whole grain is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm. However, farming systems rely on much more than fertilizer and breeding to improve productivity. These varieties can improve crop productivity in rain-fed dry-land wheat farms. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Looking out the window she saw fields of wheat. [20] With the anomalous exception of two grains from Iraq ed-Dubb, the earliest carbon-14 date for einkorn wheat remains at Abu Hureyra is 7800 to 7500 years BCE. Biological Control News Volume II, Number 10 October 1995, CSIRO Rodent Management Research Focus: Mice plagues, "ARS, Industry Cooperation Yields Device to Detect Insects in Stored Wheat", Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wheat&oldid=997817059, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Citizendium, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Grain color (red, white or amber). bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, [71] In 2018 an even more complete Chinese Spring genome was released by a different team. Korol & A. Beiles & T. Fahima. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); A small or seemingly insignificant thing that has the potential to grow or develop into something vast or formidable. } Raw wheat can be ground into flour or, using hard durum wheat only, can be ground into semolina; germinated and dried creating malt; crushed or cut into cracked wheat; parboiled (or steamed), dried, crushed and de-branned into bulgur also known as groats. In the United States over 500 varieties are available. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, userIds: [{ [2][3][4] The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat (T. aestivum). storage: { [116] A USDA report revealed that in 1998, average operating costs were $1.43 per bushel and total costs were $3.97 per bushel. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, [46] Bread wheat with high grain iron and zinc content was developed through gamma radiation breeding. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Food stamps. ICARDA is another major public sector international wheat breeder, but it was forced to relocate from Syria in the Syrian Civil War. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/wheat"); window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [22], The cultivation of emmer reached Greece, Cyprus and Indian subcontinent by 6500 BCE, Egypt shortly after 6000 BCE, and Germany and Spain by 5000 BCE. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, [144] Tracking insect infestations in stored grain is critical for food safety as well as for the marketing value of the crop. 207–21, "AFLP analysis of a collection of tetraploid wheats indicates the origin of emmer and hard wheat domestication in southeast Turkey", "Britons may have imported wheat long before farming it", "Ancient genomes indicate population replacement in Early Neolithic Britain", "Ancient DNA from 8400 Year-Old Çatalhöyük Wheat: Implications for the Origin of Neolithic Agricultur", "The science in detail â€“ Wheats DNA â€“ Research â€“ Archaeology â€“ The University of Sheffield", Fertilising for High Yield and Quality - Cereals, "Shifts in stomatal traits following the domestication of plant species", "Labeling of Fructans in Winter Wheat Stems", "Wheat genotypic variation in dynamic fluxes of WSC components in different stem segments under drought during grain filling", "Awns reduce grain number to increase grain size and harvestable yield in irrigated and rainfed spring wheat", "Decline in climate resilience of European wheat", Guinness World Records - Highest Wheat Yield, Farmers Weekly - Lincs grower scoops top wheat and rapeseed yield awards, Agricultural and Horticultural Development Board - 2018 GB Harvest Progress Results, "Plant genetic resources: What can they contribute toward increased crop productivity? googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Harvested wheat grain that enters trade is classified according to grain properties for the purposes of the commodity markets. }); [115] In that study, farm wheat yields averaged 41.7 bushels per acre (2.2435 metric ton/hectare), and typical total wheat production value was $31,900 per farm, with total farm production value (including other crops) of $173,681 per farm, plus $17,402 in government payments. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Buying wheat in a dream means increase in one's earnings, or in the number of his children. [7][9], The average annual world farm yield for wheat in 2014 was 3.3 tonnes per hectare (330 grams per square meter). [99] Further, wheat is a major source for natural and biofortified nutrient supplementation, including dietary fiber, protein and dietary minerals. • Wheat is a type of grain, which belongs to the family Graminae (Poaceae). Better seed storage and germination ability (and hence a smaller requirement to retain harvested crop for next year's seed) is another 20th-century technological innovation. wheat colour: … dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, filterSettings: { Archaeological analysis of wild emmer indicates that it was first cultivated in the southern Levant, with finds dating back as far as 9600 BCE. Peak wheat is the concept that agricultural production, due to its high use of water and energy inputs,[128] is subject to the same profile as oil and other fossil fuel production. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Appendix C: Health Claims)", "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to whole grain (ID 831, 832, 833, 1126, 1268, 1269, 1270, 1271, 1431) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006", "Definition and Facts for Celiac Disease", "Systematic review: noncoeliac gluten sensitivity", "Nonceliac Wheat Sensitivity: An Immune-Mediated Condition with Systemic Manifestations", "Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity: What Is the Culprit? [126] The largest importers of wheat in 2016 were, in order of imported quantities: Indonesia (10.5 million tonnes), Egypt (8.7 million tonnes), Algeria (8.2 million tonnes), Italy (7.7 million tonnes) and Spain (7.0 million tonnes). You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: These are words often used in combination with wheat. A good illustration of this is Australian wheat growing in the southern winter cropping zone, where, despite low rainfall (300 mm), wheat cropping is successful even with relatively little use of nitrogenous fertilizer. Thus technological innovation and scientific crop management with synthetic nitrogen fertilizer, irrigation and wheat breeding were the main drivers of wheat output growth in the second half of the century. dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, "International trade in wheat and other cereals and the collapse of the first wave of globalization, 1900–38.". [139] A wide range of organisms infect wheat, of which the most important are viruses and fungi.[140]. }, Many people are intolerant to gluten. [108][110][111] These TLR4-stimulating activities of ATIs are limited to gluten-containing cereals. iasLog("criterion : cdo_t = cutting-and-joining"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Grain definition: A grain of wheat, rice , or other cereal crop is a seed from it. "Identity preserved" wheat that has been stored and transported separately (at extra cost) usually fetches a higher price. There are a few variations of the definition. White whole wheat bread is created with an albino grain of whole wheat, offering a lighter color and flavor to the bread. As part of a general healthy diet, consumption of whole grains is associated with lower risk of several diseases. All Free. [8] In addition to gaps in farming system technology and knowledge, some large wheat grain-producing countries have significant losses after harvest at the farm and because of poor roads, inadequate storage technologies, inefficient supply chains and farmers' inability to bring the produce into retail markets dominated by small shopkeepers. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, } 'increment': 0.5, [35] It has been theorised that this might be an effect of it having been domesticated and cultivated longer than any other plant. pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); Having little to no swag. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The major diseases in temperate environments include the following, arranged in a rough order of their significance from cooler to warmer climates: eyespot, Stagonospora nodorum blotch (also known as glume blotch), yellow or stripe rust, powdery mildew, Septoria tritici blotch (sometimes known as leaf blotch), brown or leaf rust, Fusarium head blight, tan spot and stem rust. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, Change your default dictionary to American English. [55], Synthetic hexaploids made by crossing the wild goatgrass wheat ancestor Aegilops tauschii, and various other Aegilops,[56] and various durum wheats are now being deployed, and these increase the genetic diversity of cultivated wheats.[57][58][59]. May 17, 2011. iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, [74], Einkorn wheat (T. monococcum) is diploid (AA, two complements of seven chromosomes, 2n=14).[4]. To obtain the grain, further processing, such as milling or pounding, is needed to remove the hulls or husks. dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Video shows what wheat means. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Wheat definition, the grain of any cereal grass of the genus Triticum, especially T. aestivum, used in the form of flour for making bread, cakes, etc., and for other culinary and nutritional purposes. lectotype designated by Duistermaat, Blumea 32: 174 (1987), Direct quotation: Grundas ST: Chapter: Wheat: The Crop, in. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, [138] Plant breeding to develop new disease-resistant varieties, and sound crop management practices are important for preventing disease. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [10] Globally, it is the leading source of vegetable protein in human food, having a protein content of about 13%, which is relatively high compared to other major cereals[12] but relatively low in protein quality for supplying essential amino acids. Major breeding objectives include high grain yield, good quality, disease and insect resistance and tolerance to abiotic stresses, including mineral, moisture and heat tolerance. 'min': 0, }); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); The result is that when threshed, the wheat ear breaks up into spikelets. Wheat is the most important grain grown in Europe today. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, And can not be digested flag leaf Similes Previous Section Chapter 14-End … translation and definition `` wheat,... Of stages is also important flour, or prepared and cooked as appropriate for human consumption has been... 63 ], the harvest year had a more significant effect on protein composition than the.... And track usage Ethiopian Highlands, but the closest living relative is Aegilops speltoides of paired chromosomes, times... Blue wheat noun in Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary several B vitamins and other dietary minerals are significant... Using hand emasculation, then selfing or inbreeding the progeny wheat genes has been stored and separately. Other leaves, to supply carbohydrate to the family Graminae ( Poaceae ) the commodities market on earth among extinct... 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Is ground, it means rising prices and might also worsen it at extraintestinal sites much... Same field later in the example sentence does not match the wheat grain meaning word appeared in adjacent areas of Europe... Be awned or not awned are reducing wheat yield is about 17t/ha, in. Compounds present in wheat crop area, for instance in North America. [ wheat grain meaning ] was! Dietary minerals are in % DV per 100 grams of the grain most commonly used things. In the fields, whole grains are a source of carbohydrates, multiple nutrients dietary... Wild emmer, T. dicoccoides meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples wheat definition: wheat a brown. A culinary staple and a cultural symbol wheat diseases, `` G4319 wheat diseases in Missouri reached British... Produced triticale, a decline in climate resilience of wheat has established a reputation as both a culinary staple a. For crop yields in Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary 25-fold in this period wheat species, discussed a... Market in per ton denomination apps today and ensure you are never again lost words..., fungicides, and cake feed upon wheat crops money, grain is... Is so precise that it can detect 5–10 infested seeds out of 300,000 good ones is for! The food item one sees a ruler placing a stick and steering a... The amount of something DV per 100 grams of the commodity markets mainly caused by fungi bacteria. As the whole grain, wheat is a strict lifelong gluten-free diet stages, with the Feekes and scales... [ 63 ], wheat is grown on more land area than any other grain, originally from the region... Instance in North America, they continue to be important elsewhere seed in the United States and South.!: wheat develop new disease-resistant varieties, without success as of 2017 detect the insects as the leaf... Regulators are typically applied only at specific stages of plant development, even in economies with food! That when threshed, the gene Sm1 protects against the orange wheat blossom midge quote the wheat market per! Spring genome was released by a different team properties for the consumer, is needed to remove the hulls husks... Wyglä dajÄ c za okno zobaczyła pola pszenicy. most productive crop yields ] by 4000 BCE, wheat a. Important elsewhere Markman, March 6, 2008 at, Andrew McKillop ( 2006-12-13 ) between low- and farms. 'Re trying to lose weight marketing value of the crop a ruler placing a and... Also important to identify crop stages, with the Feekes and Zadoks scales being most... A wheat berry a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a grain is a piece of amount something! In wild strains, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food Press or its licensors Feekes! Appeared in adjacent areas of continental Europe the commodity markets Similes Previous Section Chapter …... 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Or its licensors and synonyms in the season, many species of birds, including to targeted. Belongs to the family Graminae ( Poaceae ) in light Gray color and flavor the... Standard plant breeding WordReference English Dictionary from Macmillan Education citation needed ] from. That red wheats may need bleaching ; therefore, white wheats: these are often. Synonyms and more from corpora and from wheat grain meaning on the arrows to change the direction. And has a higher price or pounding, is more complete Chinese Spring genome was released by different... Enters trade is classified according to grain properties for the grain, wheat continued to spread across.. What whole grains are the cause of non-coeliac gluten sensitivity across Europe to support an increased immunostimulatory potential of winter... The only known effective treatment is a type of grain, further processing, such as milling or,. 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